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Dental problems associated with HIV/AIDS

People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), are at special risk for oral health problems.

Some of the most common oral problems for people with HIV/AIDS are: chronic dry mouth, gingivitis, bone loss around the teeth (periodontitis), canker sores, oral warts, fever blisters, oral candidiasis (thrush), hairy leukoplakia (which causes a rough, white patch on the tongue), and dental caries. Combination antiretroviral therapy, which is used to treat the HIV condition and restore immune system function, has made some oral problems less common. Oral conditions can be painful, annoying, and can lead to other problems.

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